The present auction is a public auction held by Antiquorum Auctioneer s.r.l. (hereinafter Antiquorum) in collaboration with Deangelis fine watches (hereinafter Deangelis) in Forte dei Marmi. Participation in the auction and / or the purchase of any lot implies full ad- herence to all the rights and obligations arising from these terms and conditions of sale. The “Important Notices” contained in this catalogue are considered an integral part of these “General Terms and Conditions of Sale”. The conditions of sale, important notices and the contents of the catalogue may only be amended by Antiquorum by written or oral notices.

Antiquorum acts exclusively as an agent and therefore assumes no liability in the event of default(s) by the purcha- sers and / or sellers. These same conditions are applicable to any transaction relating to items or lots forming part of the auction and concluded outside the auction.

The auction is conducted by a public notary (hereinafter bailiff) in Forte dei Marmi who will pronounce the bids, ensure that the bids are correctly made and more generally take all necessary measures to maintain order during the sale. The bailiff reserves the right at his sole discretion, and without obligation to justify his decision, to continue or stop the sale, to withdraw one or more lots, to accept or refuse a bid, to proceed with any division, meeting or withdrawal of a lot. Generally speaking, the bailiff is fully competent to take decisions in order to settle any dispute arising at the time of the sale.

The bailiff will read the essential clauses before the auction begins. The present conditions are available to any interested party. They are displayed in the sales room for the duration of the auction. Only the present English version of the “General Terms and Conditions of Sale” is authentic.



Antiquorum has included in the catalogue estimates of the value of the lots offered for sale. These estimates were made following expert opinions, tests, and other methods that Antiquorum in his sole discretion deemed appropriate in the circumstances. Antiquorum will not, however, incur any liability under any cause whatsoever in respect of estimates of the value of the lots. Each auction participant will be responsible for making his own estimate of the value of the lots put up for sale.


All lots are sold in the condition they are in at the time of sale with their imperfections and defects. No claims relating to customary restorations and small accidents will be possible. It is the responsibility of each future bidder to carefully examine each lot before the sale and to refer to his own judgement in order to take note of its characteristics and its possible repairs or restorations. No claims will be accepted once the adjudication has been pronounced.

Antiquorum can provide interested parties with a detailed report on the condition of the lots. In addition, lots may be examined before the sale at the times listed in the catalogue.

Any lot sold at auction may be affected by the export laws of the country in which it is sold and the import restrictions of other countries. Many countries require an export declaration for goods leaving the country

and / or an import declaration upon entry of the goods into the country. Local laws may prevent you from importing a lot or prevent you from selling a lot in the country into which you are importing it. Please note that gold of less than 18 carats is not considered to be gold in all countries and can therefore sometimes be refused to be imported into these countries under the name “gold”.


(i) Almost all watches and clocks have undergone repairs and overhauls during their lifetime and may therefore possibly contain non-original parts. Antiquorum does not guarantee the authenticity of any component part of a watch or clock. The clocks can be sold without pendulums, weights or winding and time setting key. Pocket watches can also be sold without a key.

(ii) Collector’s watches and clocks often have very fine and complex mechanisms, an overhaul, a battery change or another repair work may be necessary. The purchaser is responsible for this. Antiquorum does not guarantee the correct functioning of a watch or a clock. Certificates and boxes are not available unless they are described in the catalogue.

(iii) Most watches and clocks have been opened to see the type and quality of the movement. For this reason, watches with waterresistant cases may not be water-resistant. It is recommended to have them checked by a competent watchmaker before use.


(i) Coloured gems (such as rubies, sapphires, emeralds, etc.) may have been treated to improve their appearance by methods such as heating or oiling. These methods are accepted by the international jewellery trade but may weaken the gem and / or require special care over time.

(ii) All types of gemstones may have been improved by any method. There is no gemmological analysis report for every gemstone sold, meaning they have not been tested by a recognized laboratory). When there is a gemmological analysis report from an internationally recognised laboratory, it is described in the catalogue. Due to differences in approach and technology, laboratories may disagree on whether a particular gemstone has been treated, the amount of treatment, or whether the treatment is permanent. The gemmological laboratories will only report on improvements or treatments known to the laboratories at the date of the report.

(iii) For jewellery sales, estimates are based on the information contained in any gemmological analysis report or, if no report is available, assume that the gems may have been processed or improved


Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the description of each lot in the catalogue, Antiquorum does not guarantee that such a description is perfectly accurate. Any statement, whether printed in the catalogue or not, in relation to, without limitation, the authenticity, provenance, origin, age, date, condition, estimated selling price, or quality of any lot, is only the assertion of an opinion and neither Antiquorum nor Deangelis will be liable for the accuracy of any opinion given.



Prior to the sale, potential buyers are invited to visit Antiquorum to register by providing their contact details, identity (copy of a valid identity card or passeport) and bank guarantees. A bidder’s number will be given to all registered bidders.

Anyone bidding during the sale is deemed to be acting on his or her own behalf and is therefore personally liable. If you are bidding on behalf of a third party, it is essential that you notify Antiquorum by providing a power of attorney, which must be registered.

The bidder acting on behalf of a third party is personally liable, in particular with regard to the obligations entered into within the context of the auction. This responsibility extends in particular to the verification of the quality of the lots purchased as well as the subsequent payment of the invoice for the lots purchased.

If interested parties cannot attend the auction, it is possible to bid directly by telephone. It is necessary to come forward at least 24 hours before the sale in order to register your bidding request by telephone. Given the limited number of telephone lines, Antiquorum reserves the right not to accept a telephone auction request. Therefore, they may not be held liable, in particular in the event of technical malfunctions or omissions and errors relating to the registration of bids by telephone.In the event of absence at the time of the sale, interested parties may also place purchase orders (written bids). This is a free and confidential service. Antiquorum will be responsible for executing your purchase orders. It is the bidder’s responsibility to request written confirmation in order to ensure that his order has been properly registered prior to the sale. Without written confirmation, Antiquorum cannot be held liable for omissions or errors relating to the registration of purchase orders. Lots will be purchased at the best price respecting the reserve price and other bids. In the case of identical orders, the order received first will be preferred.

High value lots (identified by Antiquorum at its sole discretion) may, unless otherwise agreed in advance, only be bid on by potential buyers who have completed a registration form for lots considered to be of high value.


The sale will be conducted in English but bids may be repeated in Italian or French.

Auctions will be conducted in euros. As an indication, a currency converter at the rate of the day of the sale (or the previous working day) may be visible during the auctions. However, only the price in euros is authoritative.

In the event that a minimum auction price, known as the “reserve price”, has been agreed between the seller and the auction house, the bailiff may bid in the name and on behalf of the latter until the reserve price has been reached.

Antiquorum are entitled, at their own discretion, to withdraw, divide or group differently the lots forming part of the sale, as well as to refuse the adjudication of any of the said lots, and will not incur any liability as a result. Antiquorum reserve the right to refuse any bid at their own discretion.

In the event of a dispute or any other matter relating to the bidders, the bailiff may, at his sole discretion, determine the winning bidder, continue the bidding, cancel the sale or re-offer and put the disputed item up for sale again. Its decision shall be recorded in the minutes, which shall be authentic.

The amount of the higher bids is, as a general rule, 10 %; however, the bailiff may modify the higher bids at any time, at his own discretion. The minimum bid amount is communicated during the auction.

Antiquorum are authorised to reproduce the information provided by the successful bidder prior to the sale on the auction minutes and on the bidding form. Any false indication will engage the responsibility of the successful bidder. In the event that the successful bidder has not registered before the sale, he will have to communicate the necessary information as soon as the lot has been sold.


In accordance with the law (Article 2-1 Law No. 1.014 of December 29, 1978), the Monegasque State has a right of pre-emption on works sold by public auction in the Principality of Monaco. The exercise of this right takes place immediately after the hammer blow. The pre-emption decision is brought to the attention of the bailiff, and the State then substitutes itself for the last bidder. The pre- emption is then mentioned in the minutes and must be confirmed within fifteen (15) days after the sale. In the absence of confirmation, the lot goes to the last bidder.


Ownership of the lots is transferred as soon as the bailiff’s hammer falls and the lot is awarded to the winning bidder. The buyer may not revoke his acceptance of any lot after the bailiff’s hammer has fallen. The purchaser hereby accepts all risks and responsibilities associated with the lot.

In addition to the price of the final award, the successful bidder (buyer) shall pay the following commissions and taxes per lot and per degressive tranche:

• From € 1.- to €500.000.- included: 30% VAT included (25% VAT excluded)

• From €500.001 – to €5.000.000.- inclusive: 24% VAT included (20% VAT excluded)

• For all amounts above €5.000.001 15% VAT included (12.5% VAT excluded)

All lots collected in Milan or shipped to the European Union are subject to VAT (Value Added Tax) on commission. VAT on commission may be passed on to the successful bidder on presentation of proof of export outside the European Union for private or companies.

As Antiquorum has opted for the VAT margin system, no documents showing VAT will be issued.

Lots exported outside the European Union are not subject to VAT on commission. Local taxes and customs duties are the responsibility of the successful bidder. These local taxes and customs duties must be paid directly at the time of delivery to the carrier in charge of dispatching the consignment. The successful bidder is responsible for the payment of all import and export duties and taxes applicable to the lots purchased.

For users of the Invaluable auction platform, additional fees will be charged (5% of the auction price). Invoices are emailed to buyers within 48 hours of the sale.

The buyer has a period of seven (7) days from the day of the sale to pay in full.

Lots marked with an asterisk (*) are subject to 20% applied to the total amount including our commission (hammer price and commission). In addition 120€ closing costs for temporary importation will be invoiced to the purchaser. VAT will be fully retroceded upon presentation of an export declaration outside Europe validated by Monegasque administration.


• By transfer in euros to the Antiquorum Auctioneer s.r.l. account (any other currencywould involve additional costs payable by the purchaser).

Payment will only be considered to have been made in full once Antiquorum has received the funds corresponding to the amount of the purchase price and the commission due.

In the event of default by the purchaser in the payment of part or all of the purchase price for any lot, and if Antiquorum nevertheless chooses to pay the seller a part of the proceeds of the sale, the purchaser agrees that Antiquorum shall have all the rights of the seller in respect of the amount paid, whether by law or under these terms and conditions of sale.


The transfer of ownership of the lot to the buyer takes place at the time of the auction. As soon as the auction has been pronounced (the bailiff’s hammer strike), all risks relating to the lot will be transferred in their entirety and without the slightest reservation.


For purchasers who have chosen a collection point in Milan, the lots are available at Piazza Duomo n.21, Milan. An appointment must be made in advance. An identity document will also be requested when the lot is handed over.

Sold lots will be stored free of charge for a period of two months from the day of sale. After this date, Antiquorum may move the acquired lots to a storage site at the buyer’s risk and expense.

For purchasers who have chosen a collection point in Hong Kong, the lots can be sent to the office of Antiquorum Auctioneer (HK) Ltd. in Hong Kong at the request and expense of the purchaser.

For purchasers who have chosen an “other” collection point, the lots can be sent to the desired address according to the shipping instructions and at the purchaser’s expense.In the case of export outside Europe, this must be done no later than one month from the date of sale. Antiquorum must appear as sender on the export document and the buyer as consignee. The lots will only be delivered to the purchaser once the purchase price has been paid in full. Packing and shipping arrangements and the related costs are at the expense and risk of the purchaser. Once full payment has been made, Antiquorum may, as a service to the purchaser, arrange for the packaging, insurance and shipment of the lots purchased, on request and at the purchaser’s sole expense. In this case, the purchaser accepts all risks related to the packaging, handling and dispatch of the lots.

Antiquorum will not be liable for any loss or damage caused to the lots on this occasion. Antiquorum cannot be held responsible for any non-payment by the buyer and is not liable for payment to the seller. Antiquorum is not responsible for and cannot guarantee the shipment of clocks, furniture, bulky and fragile objects or items considered as “dangerous goods”. Antiquorum will remove bracelets made from materials derived from endangered and / or protected species (i.e., in a non-exhaustive way, alligator, caiman, lizard, snake, shark, turtle, etc.) before shipping lots abroad.

Buyers are responsible for compliance with all applicable export and import regulations. In addition, certain items made of materials subject to CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) legislation may be subject to import restrictions in some countries. It is the purchaser’s responsibility to consult their local customs authority for information on the importation of items made from these materials.


Antiquorum is the owners of the reproduction rights to its catalogue. Any reproduction of the latter is prohibited and constitutes an infringement to its prejudice. In addition, Antiquorum has an exemption allowing them to reproduce in their catalogue the works offered for sale, even if the reproduction right has not fallen into the public domain. Any reproduction of the Antiquorum catalogue may therefore constitute an illicit reproduction of a work exposing its author to infringement proceedings by the holder of the rights to the work. The sale of a work shall not entail for the benefit of its owner the right of reproduction and presentation of the work


In the event of incompatibility of any In the event of incompatibility of any information or provision of the catalogue with these terms and conditions of sale, only the terms and conditions of sale shall be binding.

Each of the provisions of these terms and conditions are independent of each other. The nullity of one provision shall not result in the non- applicability of the others.

The sale and the present general terms and conditions of sale are governed by Italian law. Any dispute falls within the exclusive jurisdiction of Italian courts.

Antiquorum is a partner of Watch Certificate™, the authentication and certification service that accompanies your timepiece throughout its life.

Protect and enhance the value of your watch thanks to the Watch Certificate™

– Condition report: you access specific information about your watch, detailed with 53 standardized checkpoints, illustrated with 8 photographs of your watch.

– Market value: you have an estimate validated by an internationally recognized expert and recognized by insurers.

– History: you benefit from a logbook to record each maintenance operation, and which enhances the value of your watch over time.

– In the event of theft: you get assistance in your dealings with the police and insurance. The theft is reported to the manufacturer and your watch is placed on active surveillance. If it appears on one of the main online platforms or auction houses, you block its resale and maximize your chances of getting it back.

To find out more, visit the Watch Certificate™ website:

For anyone subscribing to the Watch Certificate™, our partner’s terms and conditions apply, which can be found at

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